Learn chinese. Lesson 3: Presentations
Phonetics and vocabulary
tā: she. Sounds like he, but the character is different. The t is aspirated like in English:
xìng: Be named (+ family name). The x is pronounced with the back of the tongue and g final is not pronounced , but dies in the throat:
jiào: call / be called (+ first name or family name and first name ). The j is pronounced like 'dz' but with the back of the tongue:
shénme: what ?
míngzì: first name g is not pronounced and dies in the throat. After the z, the i is pronounced e:
shéi: who ?
xiānsheng: mister. The x is pronounced like an s but with the back of the tongue. ian is pronounced like yen:
xuéshēng: student (different from tóngxué .See grammar).
shì: be. After the s, sh, c, ch, z, r (the r is pronounced as j in French ), the i is pronounced a:
rènshi: to know. The r is pronounced as j in French:
de: (possessive particle)
gāoxìng: Be happy , happy.
xiǎomíng: A first name, literally little light.
wáng: A surname / (king) (the word king is said guówáng).
lǐ: A surname / plum (the word plum is said lǐzi).
Note the tone: when two low tone are together, the first syllable becomes rising tone:
- nǐhǎo become níhǎo
- xiǎojiě become xiáojiě
This transformation is only spoken and not written.
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